The woman was not silent, nor was she limited to the private world of women. 2 (2012): 299–318. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. Woman of Integrity in the Bible – Abigail, God's Unforgettable Call of Abraham - God's Call and Promise, Sermon on Wisdom | The Wisdom of God or the Wisdom of Man, Parable of the Ten Virgins Sermon | The Ugly Truth on Being Ready, Sermon on Victory - More Than Conquerors, Sermon on God's Invitation | The Invitation of Jesus, Healing at the Pool of Bethesda Sermon - Wondrous Miracle at the Pool, Be Not Weary In Well Doing Sermon Warning to be Faithful. The Samaritan woman didn’t meet Jesus on a Shabbat or in a building dedicated to carrying out religious activities. Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. The Gospel of John, like the Gospel of Luke, is favourable to the Samaritans throughout, and, while the Matthaean Gospel quotes Jesus at one early phase in his ministry telling his followers to not at that time evangelize any of the cities of the Samaritans,[6] this restriction had clearly been reversed later by the time of Matthew 28:19. Our ancestors worshipped on this mountain, but you say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem." The Samaritan woman at Jacob’s Well is a picture of a rational sinner who can come to Christ. She was an evangelistic woman (John 4:28-29, 39). The story of the woman at the well follows on the heels of the account of Jesus’ interaction with Nicodemus, a Pharisee and prominent member of the Jewish Sanhedrin (John 3:1–21). That the Samaritans were separated from and looked down upon by the Jews makes them important in the New Testament. vv. I Don’t Want You To Join My Church, Be Added to His! She is celebrated as a saint of renown. A. … As further recounted in John 4:28–30 and John 4:39–42, she was quick to spread the news of her meeting with Jesus, and through this many came to believe in him. ", Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come back." Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. In contrast, the woman was female, a Samaritan (despised by the Jews), and probably uneducated. Beatitudes - Blessed Are the Pure in Heart! Two things are significant. Jesus knew her history but still accepted her and ministered to her. If she married, then those rights, even the power of life and death, were transferred to her husband. Nearly all of us are the Samaritan woman. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth." [2][3][4] The two communities seem to have drifted apart in the post-exilic period. In Acts 1:8, Jesus promises the apostles that they will be witnesses to the Samaritans. This is the only time in Scripture where you will see Jesus come right out and say that He is the Messiah. She was a logical woman (John 4:11-12). This episode takes place before the return of Jesus to Galilee. “The Peacemaking Role of the Samaritan Woman in John 4:1–42: A Mirror and Challenge to Rwandan Women.” Neotestamentica 46 , no. Now here comes the kicker. She is remembered on the Sunday four weeks after Pascha, which is known as "the Sunday of the Samaritan Woman". (John 4:1-42). The Samaritan woman at the well is a figure from the Gospel of John, in John 4:4–26. Conspiracy to Stop the Work. Therefore the Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, being a Jew, ask me for a drink since I am a Samaritan woman?" She was a perceptive woman (John 4:19). They Had Their Own Temple And Religious System The Samaritans had their own temple, their own copy of the Torah - the first five books of the Old Testament - and their own religious system. [12] The passages that comprise John 4:10–26 are sometimes referred to as the Water of Life Discourse, which forms a complement to the Bread of Life Discourse.[13]. In the latter, it is only the Samaritan who helped the man stripped of clothing, beaten, and left on the road half dead, his Abrahamic covenantal circumcision implicitly evident. She had a … Second, her gender presented an obstacle. What was that sin? The woman said to him, "I know that Messiah is coming" (who is called Christ). So he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. The Samaritan’s personal history seems to have run parallel to the religious history of Samaria. “Jesus Gave Me Water”, a gospel song by The Soul Stirrers in 1951. C. Encounters aren’t seasonal or geological. Shawna R. B. Atteberry. [7], Scholars have noted that this story appears to be modelled on a standard betrothal 'type scene' from Hebrew scripture, particularly that of Jacob in Genesis 29. Samaria was once part of the northern kingdom of Israel, which had broken off from the Davidic Kingdom. The Samaritan woman’s spirit is enlightened, accelerated, and illuminated by Jesus. (His disciples had gone to the city to buy food.) On the earthly level, Jesus and the Samaritan woman are discussing her current matrimonial history, but there seems to be more going on here. She now realizes what it means to take freely of the water of life, which is the spiritual refreshment that comes into her soul after her encounter and confession with Jesus. She is set apart, and not in a good way. The water that I will give will become in them a spring of water gushing up to eternal life." She came to draw water at the hottest part of the day, instead of the usual morning or evening times, because she was shunned and rejected by the other women of the area for her immorality. Eventually, having drawn the attention of Emperor Nero, she was brought before him to answer for her faith, suffering many tortures and dying a martyr after being thrown down a dry well. The custom of the day involves churches, schools, and businesses giving away fruit drinks to passers-by. Some interpreters have taken this anonymity as an invitation to view her as an abstraction, a symbol of Samaria itself. The woman answered him, "I have no husband." In Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico, a celebration of the Samaritan woman takes place on the fourth Friday of Lent. 3 So he left Judea and went back once more to Galilee. And I saw parallels immediately, even as I recognized the distinct qualities of each culture. The following are some outstanding characteristics of the Samaritan woman: She was an observant woman (John 4:9). She had “had five husbands” (John 4:18), and the one she was now with wasn’t her husband. First, a solitary Samaritan woman approaches Jesus at a public well at the wrong time of day. Samaritans appear briefly in the Christian gospels, most notably in the account of the Samaritan woman at the well and the parable of the Good Samaritan. This is huge! Weary from the countless times we have been rejected, hiding in certain areas because of shame, thirsty … According to S.G Sloyan, she is a moral outcaste, a treble minority: a woman: a Samaritan: a polygamist. This kind of woman is paraded in Proverbs more so than the others that follow, perhaps because she is so dangerous, especially to office holders. Scholars differ as to whether the Samaritan references in the New Testament are historical. Jesus now tells the woman: ‘Go and call your husband and come back.’ ‘I don’t … 12:3); Jesus is presented not as a bridegroom but as giver of living water.”[11], This Gospel episode is referred to as "a paradigm for our engagement with truth", in the Roman Curia book A Christian reflection on the New Age, as the dialogue says: "You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know" and offers an example of "Jesus Christ the bearer of the water of life". In fact, even though it is probably hot outside, she herself cannot even believe that someone is asking her to get them a drink. Lesson 3: The Samaritan Woman (John 4) Related Media. She may have lived an immoral life, she is nameless and possibly vulnerable. The Samaritan woman Jesus met faced prejudice from her own community. [14], Samaritan woman at the well 1651 by Gervais Drouet, Christ and the Samaritan Woman, by Duccio di Buoninsegna, Jesus and the Samaritan Woman at the Well, by Giacomo Franceschini, Christ and the Samaritan Woman, by Stefano Erardi, Christ and the Samaritan Woman, by Jan Joest van Kalkar, Jesus and the Samaritan Woman at the Well, by Guercino, Christ and the Samaritan Woman, by Josef von Hempel, Christ and the Samaritan Woman, by Lucas Cranach the Elder, Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samaritan_woman_at_the_well&oldid=994793277, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jesus and the Samaritan Woman at the Well. . The following are some outstanding characteristics of the Samaritan woman: Lord, please grant us more women with the above characteristics, in Jesus’ name, Amen! This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 15:40. (Samaritan Woman: “I know Messiah is coming, and when He comes, He will tell us all things.”) (Jesus: “I who speak to you am He.”) “This is big! The Samaritan woman was a foreigner from a despised religious group, but her story made a clear statement about the role of women in the early Christian communities. This is not normally something that in our culture we would be particularly keen to announce to all and sundry. (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.) First, she was a Samaritan, and, as the apostle comments, “Jews have no dealings with Samaritans” (v. 9). One view is that the historical Jesus had no contact with Samaritans; another is that the accounts go back to Jesus himself. 4 Now he had to go through Samaria. In John’s Gospel the Samaritan woman at the well is the first person to whom Jesus openly reveals himself as Messiah. The Samaritan woman’s understanding is blocked by a particular sin, so Jesus pinpoints it to take it out of the way. Jesus said to her, "Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but those who drink of the water that I will give them will never be thirsty. The Samaritan woman, unlike other individuals who speak with Jesus in the Gospel of John, is never named. This truth is like life-giving water. Where do you get that living water? Jesus said to her, "You are right in saying, 'I have no husband'; for you have had five husbands, and the man you are now living with is not your husband. What was it like to be a woman living around the rim of the Mediterranean during Jesus' time? 3. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him. Imagine a time when a man was commended because he killed his wife for appearing in public without her veil; when a Roman woman's rights were completely subject to her father's power. The Samaritan woman was blessed to believe that Jesus was the promised Messiah. The Priceless Woman – Virtues of a Godly Woman. She was an honest woman (John 4:16-18). Right from the beginning, we can see that this Samaritan woman was not seen as someone worthy of communicating with a Jew. Sermon on the Bride of Christ - The Church - The Beautiful Bride of Christ, Sermon on Faithfulness - The Basic Pattern For Faithfulness, The Life and Times of Nehemiah #7. The Samaritan Woman John 4:3-42. In Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic traditions, she is venerated as a saint with the name Photine (Φωτεινή also Photini, Photina, meaning "the luminous one" from φῶς, "light"). Types of Giving in the Bible, Examples – What is Giving in the Bible? Jesus Talks With a Samaritan Woman Therefore when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John (although Jesus himself didn't baptize, but his disciples), he left Judea, and departed into Galilee.He needed to pass through Samaria.So he came to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son, Joseph. This aspect of her life is certainly worthy of us imitating today. We know that this is a command for all Christians in each successive generation. The woman said to him, "Sir, I see that you are a prophet. [1] Jo-Ann A. Brant, for example, concludes that there is "near consensus among literary critics that the scene at Jacob’s well follows conventions of the betrothal type-scene found in Hebrew narrative. It is interesting that the place for this encounter with the Samaritan woman was chosen by the Lord of providence in such a beautiful way: an emotionally alienated woman who feels unprotected while she lives in or near the city of refuge, is having a faith-founding, covenant conversation with the Renewer of God’s Covenant – God’s Royal Son Jesus. Answer: The story of the nameless Samaritan woman at the well, recorded only in the Gospel of John, is a revealing one, full of many truths and powerful lessons for us today. A skid row prostitute can become a child of God. Are you greater than our ancestor Jacob, who gave us the well, and with his sons and his flocks drank from it?" The woman thinks Jesus is talking about real water. She may also have been an outcast in her town. It can give a person everlasting life. Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink', you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water." But he is talking about the truth concerning God and his kingdom. [5] Both communities share the Pentateuch, although crucially the Samaritan Pentateuch locates the holy mountain at Mount Gerizim rather than at Mount Zion, as this incident acknowledges at John 4:20. She was a receptive woman (John 4:13-15, 21-25). Jesus said to her, "I am he, the one who is speaking to you.". (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans) . The priest and Levite walked past. The woman said to him, "Sir, you have no bucket, and the well is deep. John records these words: “There came a woman of Samaria to draw water” (Jn. 5-6,12). The Samaritan woman is unnamed and merely referred to as the ‘Samaritan Woman,’ ‘woman of Samaria,’ ‘woman,’ or simply as ‘her.’ This depicts her unimportance in the society that is patriarchal (cf. 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